Teen Orthodontics

The teenage years are a critical time for jaw and dental development. Most permanent teeth are present while the teen is still growing. Lack of space at this stage can result in crowding, misalignment, rotations or impactions. This is also a critical time for social development, and a great smile goes a long way in helping to build confidence and self-esteem.

Traditional metal braces are the most common appliances used to straighten the teeth at this stage, and can be personalized with colored elastics. In certain cases, teens can opt to have ceramic brackets or clear aligners to move teeth.

Appliances Used

Currently, the most popular types of braces used during teenage orthodontics include:

Metal Braces – These are traditional braces most often seen in children and teenagers. Metal braces are the most affordable. This a system of brackets and wires that gradually move the teeth into their correct position.

Ceramic Braces – These braces work like traditional metal braces, except that the brackets bonded to the teeth are made of ceramic. The white clear color of the braces blend with your teeth, making this a more esthetic solution.

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Clinical Cases

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In this 12 year old patient, although the upper and lower jaws were narrow, all permanent teeth were able to erupt. However, they presented some crowding and a large overjet (increased distance between upper and lower anterior teeth).

Orthodontic treatment was completed using metal braces to obtain a perfect smile and a functional bite.
Patient is now using retainers to maintain his well aligned teeth in position while continuing to grow during the teenage years.

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This teen developed a malocclusion with permanent (adult) teeth erupting over the baby teeth still present in her mouth due to lack of space.
Orthodontics treatment included expansion of arches to accommodate the larger adult teeth, and metal braces to establish a beautiful smile and functional bite.

Patient is now using retainers to maintain his well aligned teeth in position while continuing to grow during the teenage years.

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